What is Baking?
Baking is a form of cooking where you cook flour-based food under prolonged heating. An oven is generally used to bake food but there are a few other methods to bake food without an oven. Homestead Honey mentions a few ways of baking without oven. I experimented the baking without oven by baking cookies without oven.
Bread is the first thing that comes to your mind when you think of baking. However, cookies, cakes, muffins, and many other foods are also popular in baking.
The history of Baking
The world’s oldest oven, around 6500 years old, was discovered in Croatia in 2014. Bread baking began in Ancient Greece around 600 BC.
Egyptians were pioneers in baking and the traces of their baking are as old as 2600 B.C.. Egyptians were the one who started baking bread using yeast.
Baking and its Importance
Baking was traditionally done at home by women, generally for the family. Commercially, men used to bake in bakeries and restaurants. Baked goodies, especially bread are one of the most important parts of our day to day food. Human beings have been baking for ages. The history of baking is deep enough to encourage you to start baking at home.
European and American cuisines have a high importance of baking. The cuisine looks incomplete without bread, cakes, pastries etc. that forms a major part of their food. In Asian countries, Chapati is the most common bread in the food. Chapati is one of the simplest forms of baking without an oven.
Advantages of Baking
Baking enhances the flavor and aroma of the food. For those who have been baking at home, they know what I mean when I talk about the aroma of baking. Baking can expand the possibilities of making food healthier. People are moving from deep fried stuff to baked goodies.
Baking is no longer just all-purpose flour, white sugar and butter baked together. Health conscious people have taken baking to a different level. People now bake with millets, whole wheat flour, and multigrain flour. They avoid sugar and extract sweetness naturally. This Ragi cookies recipe with Jaggery is a fantastic example of the same.